Gungsan Mountain is also known as Seongsan Mountain, Gwansan Mountain and Jinsan Mountain. This mountain is known for Yangcheongoseong Fortress Site, Yangcheonhyanggyo Local Confucian School and Soangnu Pavilion where Gyeomjae Jeong Seon, the great painter of the Joseon period, created his masterpieces during his term of office as the governor of Yangcheon.Gungsan Mountain was where the army assembled to fight the Japanese invaders during the Imjin War. Later, it was a strategically important point during the Korean War, where the ROK army was stationed.A nature class is held at Gungsan Mountain every fourth Saturday of the month, from 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m., July to December. Participants can walk along various walking courses, while listening to the stories of the forest plants, insects and animals from forest experts, and enjoying being at one with nature. This program is a firm favorite with local residents
Establishment : December 19, 1996
Park area: 386,500㎡
Main plants : False acacia, P. rigida, polulus x albaglandulosa, nut pine, snowbell, and dogwood
Main facilities: Soangnu, Yangcheongoseong Fortress Site, Yangcheonhyanggyo Local Confucian School, nature class trail, photo-taking observatory
Located at 6 San, Gayang-dong, slightly east of the summit of Gungsan Mountain, this pavilion was built by Lee Yu, who was the governor of Dongbok, in the 13th year of the reign of King Youngjo of the Joseon Dynasty. He resigned his post and built this pavilion as a place to enjoy poetry and the arts. The name Soangnu originates from the splendor of the view from the pavilion, which is as nice as that seen from Yueyanglou Pavilion in Dongting Lake, China. When Gyeomjae Jeong Seon, the great Korean painter, took office as the governor, he visited this pavilion and drew paintings almost every day for five years. This pavilion was later destroyed, but in May 1994 it was restored by Gangseo-gu on its historic site to pay tribute to Jeong Seon's accomplishments and his artistic spirit.
Yangcheonhyanggyo Local Confucian School
Located at the southern foot of Gungsan Mountain, Yangcheonhyanggyo Local Confucian School is Seoul's Monument No. 8 and the only regional educational institute of the Joseon Dynasty to survive to the present day. The school was established in the 11th year of the reign of King Taejong of the Joseon Dynasty (A.D. 1411) and fostered many talented people. It consists of Myeongryundang Lecture Hall, Jeonsacheong Building, Dongjae Building, Seojae Building, Naesammun Gate, Oesammun Gate, and eight annexes.